Труды Кубанского государственного аграрного университета

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2021, № 92

UDC: 332.14
GSNTI: 06.52.41

Comparative analysis of productivity indicators of grain-producing territories of the world

Environmental problems and their consequences, which the whole world has been observing over the past decade, pose a number of strategic tasks for humanity to study and solve issues of sustainable ecosystem development. The paper presents a comparative detailing of meteorological factors that affect the productivity of grain production on different continents (using the example of the Netherlands and Argentina). The main global factors in the conditions of climate change affecting the world indicators of grain production productivity are the following natural and climatic conditions with corresponding rhesus (risk-extreme values): air temperature during the growing season of grain crops (abnormal heat / frost); precipitation in the spring-summer period (drought/showers). Based on the analysis of the group of meteorological factors that affect the productivity of grain production presented by the authors, we can conclude that there is a fact of global climate warming, the general dynamics of yield growth, which has sharp reversals in the form of "decline/rise". Moreover, speaking about the further development of these agro-ecological and economic systems, we can state the presence of uncertainty in both objective and external factors (precipitation, temperature). In this case, by risk we mean the randomness and uncertainty of results in the agricultural sector of grain-producing territories of the world, which is more higher than in other areas of human activity.
Keywords: Productivity of grain production, meteorological factors, grain-producing territories, precipitation, yield.
DOI: 10.21515/1999-1703-92-38-43


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  1. Kumratova Alphira Menligulovna, Phd in Economics, assistant professor, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “I.T. Trubilin Kuban State Agrarian University”.
  2. Aleshchenko Vitaliy Viktorovich, DSc in Economics, Leading Researcher, Institute of Economics and Industrial Production Organization of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.