2021, № 90UDC: 619:614.9-07
GSNTI: 68.39.37; 68.39.71
Antibiotic residues detection in broiler chicken meatSanitary food safety is a fundamental challenge for veterinarians and processing industry workers. Poultry farming is one of the most developing and promising branches of agriculture. Poultry meat is an affordable, useful and demanded product all over the world. However, many producers resort to the uncontrolled use of antibiotics to prevent disease and stimulate growth, to raise poultry at young age. The aim of the research was to detect antibiotic residues in the meat of broiler chickens sold by large and small producers in food markets and retail chains. This scientific work was carried out in the Republic of Zimbabwe, Harare province. Samples of one-month-old chicken carcasses meat were taken for research using modern antibiotic indication methods. According to the results of the examination, it was established that antibiotic drugs such as oxytetracycline, terranox, terramycin, tetracycline, chlortetracycline, sulfonamides were used in poultry breeding, and only 16% of chickens did not receive antibiotics. At the same time, each of the drugs accumulated differently in muscle tissue, for example, in the muscles of the sternum and thigh muscles, the residues of tetracycline were higher than the residues of sulfonamide. In turn, in different organs there was a different concentration of drugs, for example, there were more antibiotic residues in the sternum than in the femoral muscles. Large-scale poultry farms in Zimbabwe control antibiotic use better than private poultry producers. Also, the age of the bird, the type of preparation and the duration of its use have a great influence on the accumulation of antibiotics in meat.
Keywords: Meat, poultry, antibiotics, chickens, expertise, tetracyclines, sulfonamides, poultry.
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- Mucheka Kudzaishe, graduate, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "I.T. Trubilin Kuban State Agrarian University".
- Tishchenko Alexander Sergeevich, Phd in Veterinary, associate professor, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "I.T. Trubilin Kuban State Agrarian University".
- Shunaeva Anastasia Vitalievna, 4th year student of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "I.T. Trubilin Kuban State Agrarian University".