Труды Кубанского государственного аграрного университета

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2020, № 84

UDC: 631.527:633.1
GSNTI: 68.35.29

Wheat breeding innovation of nearest future

An overview of innovations in wheat breeding, which are going to be implement on the seed markets in the foreseeable future is provided. There have been a number of mergers and acquisitions in the seed market in recent years. The assets consolidation of Bayer wit Monsanto, DuPont with Dow Agrosciense, Syngenta with ChemChina and SinoChem allows the global companies to increase investment in research and development (R&D). Return of investment into wheat breeding can’t compete with marginal crops so far. R&D funding may be improved by reliable hybrid system maintaining; by implementation of package offers on the base of herbicide-resistant varieties; by development of functional products in accordance with healthy nutrition trend. The Saaten-Union GmbH company has achieved the greatest success in the selection and commercialization of chemical hybridization agent (CHA) hybrids. However, the priority is to breed CMS hybrids, which Syngenta, BASF, Bayer CS, Limagrain, and KWS are going to register in the coming years. There are two main segments of herbicide resistance: GM-varieties tolerant to glyphosate, glufosinate, bromoxinil, etc.; non-GM varieties bred by classic breeding methods and tolerant to imidazolinone, sulfonylureas, triazol, etc. Nowadays imidazolinone and Acetyl-COA carboxylase tolerant wheat varieties are commercialized in North America. Tolerance to 2,4-D, isoxazolone, dicamba, mesotrione and bromoxynil may be important as well. Plant derived genes of tolerance are more helpful, then microorganism derived ones. Functional products include products enriched with useful ingredients which reduce development of some disease risks, Low gluten varieties, as well as high content of fiber, beta-glucans, anti-axidant activities, and other habits may be functional products examples.
Keywords: Wheat, innovations, hybrids, herbicide tolerance, functional products.
DOI: 10.21515/1999-1703-84-121-125


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  1. Goncharov Sergey Vladimirovich, DSc in Agriculture, Professor of the Department of breeding and seed production, FSBEI HE "Voronezh state agrarian University named after Emperor Peter I".