2020, № 82UDC: 636.082.474
Innovative method development for biological control of poultry eggs during incubationThis article discusses the issues of biological control of incubation of eggs of meat crosses of chickens. Based on these studies, the authors suggest using the embryo's heart rate to control the growth rate and objective parameters of the embryo's development. Using the Buddy device for heart rate monitoring allows you to get the necessary information without violating the integrity of the shell. It was found that the heart rate depends on the period of incubation of eggs and depends on temperature and humidity conditions in the first incubation period, and in the second incubation period is determined by the mass of the embryo and the intensity of its development at the previous stages. The use of differentiated incubation modes, which presuppose a dosed increase in temperature during critical periods of embryo development, helps to increase the output of healthy daily young in the embryonic vitality of embryos, reduces the period of embryogenesis by synchronizing the hatching process. The use of a new method of biological control, using heart rate, allows you to quickly adjust the parameters of the microclimate in the incubator.
Keywords: Heart rate (HR), temperature, incubation, chicken eggs, embryo development
- Warbanow, W. Morphologic and functional studies of the hypothermia-induced hypertrophy of the embryonic chick heart / W. Warbanow // Acta Biol Med Ger. -1970.-Vol. 25. - P. 281-293.
- Warbanow, W. Contractility of the embryonic chick heart in hypothermia-induced cardiac hyperplasia and hypertrophy / W. Warbanow // Acta Biol Med Ger.-1970. -Vol. 26. - P. 859-861.
- Peterka, M. Teratogenic and lethal effects of long-term hyperthermia and hypothermia in the chick embryo / M. Peterka, R. Peterkova, & Z. Likovsky // Reprod Toxicol. -1996. - Vol. 10.- P. 327-332.
- Sarre, A. Arrhythmogenesis in the developing heart during anoxia-reoxygenation and hypothermia-rewarming: an in vitro model / A. Sarre, P. Maury, P. Kucera, L. Kappenberger, & E. Raddatz // J. Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. -2006. - Vol. 17. - P. 1350-1359.
- Nakazawa, M. Hemodynamic effects of environmental hyperthermia in stage 18, 21, and 24 chick embryos / M. Nakazawa, S. Miyagawa, A. Takao, E.B. Clark, & N.Hu, // Pediatr Res. -1986. -Vol. 20. - P. 1213-1215.
- Jameel Hishyar Tori, graduate student, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “I.T. Trubilin Kuban State Agrarian University”.
- Scherbatov Vyacheslav Ivanovich, DSc in Agriculture, Professor, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “I.T. Trubilin Kuban State Agrarian University”.