Труды Кубанского государственного аграрного университета

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2019, № 79

UDC: 332.365
GSNTI: 06.61.33

Evaluation of the condition and production development prospects of winter wheat in the Krasnodar Territory

Winter wheat is one of the main crops produced in the Krasnodar Territory. A feature of the winter wheat production is that it is grown in almost all agricultural zones, a wide range of varieties. The Krasnodar Territory has a high potential for the production of winter wheat due to the climatic, resource and other factors. Winter wheat production in Kuban is historically determined. Today, the Krasnodar Territory is winter wheat production leader. The main varieties of winter wheat produced in the Kuban are “Bezostaya-1” and “Krasnodarskaya”. The sown area of winter wheat has increased over the past five years. In this time period, gross harvest increased by 1625 thousand tons, productivity increased by 17,2% and reached 6410 kg/ha (in some areas of the Krasnodar Territory - up to 7600 kg/ha). However, a slow increase in purchase prices is a negative factor that reduces the efficiency of winter wheat production in the Krasnodar Territory. There are two groups of risks - production and financial. The main financial risk is the low purchase price. A mechanism to reduce price risk is the organization of a grain exchange. The Ministry of Agriculture and Processing Industry of the Krasnodar Territory can initiate the organization and founding of such an exchange. The conclusion of futures contracts within the framework of the grain exchange will minimize price risks for winter wheat production entities. In addition to financial risks, winter wheat producers need to reduce production risks. To do this, it is necessary to expand the number of wheat varieties used in production, as well as productively form their ratio in the structure of the sown areas.
Keywords: Crop production, sown area, productivity, futures market, the Krasnodar Territory, winter wheat
DOI: 10.21515/1999-1703-79-23-28


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  1. Kovalenko Lidia Vladimirovna, Phd in Economics, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “I.T. Trubilin Kuban State Agrarian University”.
  2. Seraya Natalya Nikolayevna, senior teacher, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “I.T. Trubilin Kuban State Agrarian University”.